Soil is the foundation of every living landscape. It is a complex combination of minerals, air, water and nutrients and is teeming with a diversity of life that we have only recently begun to comprehend the complexity of. How all those pieces of life interact is still a mystery. We do know a bit about how to support a diversity of life in the soil we interact with and when that life is diverse the plant and soil life can take things from there. When soil is healthy it sequesters carbon, holds rain water, resists erosion and provides plants with the physical resources they need to thrive.
Regenerative Soil Management:
Keeps soil covered to protect from compaction, erosion and nutrient and loss through leaching, oxidization and nitrification.
Minimizes disturbance of the soil profile (no till)
Relies on a diversity of plant life to support and feed a diversity of soil life
Provides sufficient water to keep life healthy
Doesn’t remove organic matter from the site, beyond intended harvesting, allowing it to compost on-site and contribute to soil carbon increase
Degenerative soil management:
Extracts organic matter from intact ecosystems such as forests and bogs, or from agricultural lands.
Disturbs the soil by tilling or turning.
Compacts the soil by providing insufficient cover by plants or plant material or by excessive foot or vehicle traffic.
Allows for erosion, nutrient leaching and nutrient loss through insufficient plant cover and root density and diversity.
Livelihoods and Services in Regenerative Soil and Land Care
Food waste diversion, collection and composting
Soil rehabilitation – subsoiling and biology introduction (compost, EM, Mycorrhizae)
Soil inoculant production (healthy garden, meadow and forest soils)
Insect identification and lifecycle monitoring
Soil testing and remediation for home gardens
Ecosystem design and monitoring (including small, urban ecosystems)
Information and online resources
Articles and General Information:Healthy Soil is the key to feeding the world
Various Aspects of Soil Life and Function:
Technical Information and Resources:A soil calculator and native tree species guide developed to help improve tree planting success in Ontario and Alberta
A video on relieving deep soil compaction prior to tree planting (this was identified as the most significant factor in success or failure of tree planting along highways)
Regenerative Soil and Land care
Regeneration Canada is working toward systemic change in land management and soil regeneration in Canada
Canadian Organic Growers an organic farmer and consumer association offering training and resources to raise awareness about organics and assist farmers and gardeners in adopting sustainable and commercially viable, organic production methods.
Gaia College offers online and classroom education on organic land care and related skills.
Sustainable Landscaping Initiative Vancouver is a non-profit organization created by landscapers, which strives to improve industry sustainability.
Sustain Ontario support for productive, equitable and sustainable food and farming systems that support the health and wellbeing of all people in Ontario, through collaborative action.
Certified Organic Associations of B.C. (COABC) The British Columbia Organic sector strives to ensure high quality products in sufficient quantity produced under safe working conditions. Organic farmers work to nurture living, healthy soil, biological diversity, ecological harmony using sustainable practices and renewable resources including healthy animals and natural livestock socialization.
City Farmer is a collection of stories about our work at City Farmer in Vancouver, Canada, and about urban farmers from around the world.
NOFA Organic Land Care Program US based organic land care training, certification and information.
Ecological Landscape Alliance "Advocating for responsible stewardship of land and natural resources in landscaping and horticultural practices." Based in the north eastern United States but with an extensive catalog of articles and online and recorded seminars available to members.
"4 per 1000" Initiative International group working toward atmospheric carbon reduction through soil management as part of the solution to climate failure.
Project Drawdown provides information and data on the tools available to us for reversing global heating and ecosystem collapse.
Kiss the Ground provides resources and training for advocates of the regenerative soil movement