Worms are amazing creatures. The “Red Wiggler” composting worm
can take care of your left overs that have stayed too long as left overs.
Although worms, or microorganisms first, eat organic material,
avoid meat/fish, dairy, oils and too much citrus. These can be broken down
over time but can attract unwanted pests.
Worms need a place to live (bins) and bedding to live in. Preferably,
the bins should have a lid and be a minimum of 30 cms. (12 ins.) deep with
side air holes and bottom drainage holes. This drainage liquid can stain, so
a catch basin under your bin is helpful. Common bedding materials can be
coconut fibre (COIR), peat moss, cardboard, newspaper or paper and must
be moist like a dampened cloth.
Worms are eating machines and can ingest ½ their body weight a day if
food is small enough. After they have digested this food, they poop it out,
and, voila, you have the “black gold” called vermicompost. Vermicompost is a
combination of castings, microorganisms, decomposing “leftovers” and
bedding. It is a nutritionally rich organic fertilizer and a great additive to
any growing medium. As well, you can make exceptional teas and brews
There is more to say, but you are ready to start vermicomposting so
- David Greig, MEd, HTR, Cert. Organic Land Care Professional, Cert. Soil
Steward, Master Composter
Has had worms for over 25 years but don’t tell his partner.